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杭州档案史料第15期

上传时间:2004年12月15日 )

 

 

15

 

杭州市档案馆编                                      ○○四年九月

 

 

编者按:

本史料选自杭州市档案馆旧政权档案(旧12-8-65)。

抗日战争胜利后,浙江省政府和杭州市政府还治杭州。随即杭州市政府对敌伪毒化罪行及战时人员伤亡等情况进行调查。本史料搜集了当时杭州市警察局有关敌伪罪行、战时人员伤亡调查的档案。透过档案,可以使我们对地方政府战后处理工作有大致的了解。同时也让我们认识到,由于当时国民政府,无论是中央还是地方,在战后处理问题上缺乏全面准确、深入细致的工作,仅此难以对六十年前那场战争给中国人民造成的伤害有深入了解,仍然需要我们作进一步调查和研究。

浙江省会警察局训令

 

三侦字第3705                 民国三十五年五月二日

 

事由:奉电调查敌伪在苏浙皖地区毒化罪行等因仰遵办具报由

 

令第八分局

案奉

浙江省民政厅辰灰诚3860代电开:

奉省政府交下内政部本年四月渝禁贰字第七三九号代电:以准军委会调查统计局函送敌伪在苏浙皖地区毒化罪行调查表一份,列部查收复区敌伪毒化机构,依法应予查封解散,其主要负责人员并应拘捕法办。相应抄附原调查表一份,电请查核办理见复等因,并附抄苏浙皖地区敌伪毒化罪行调查表一份,奉此。除分令外合行电仰该局长遵照办理具报以凭核转。

等因,附抄发苏浙皖地区敌伪毒化罪行调查表乙份,奉此。除分令外合行令仰该  长遵照办理具报,以凭核转为要。

此令。

附抄发苏浙皖地区毒化罪行调查乙份

 

局长  陈纯白


苏浙皖地区敌伪毒化罪行调查表

甲:八一三战事爆发时期                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

一、敌伪运售制毒机构来源及倾销情形:在民国二十六年八一三战事开始

时,即由敌海军上海出勤武官府派遣运输舰,由东北热、察、绥各省及张家口、大连等地载运所谓红土、北口土等,来沪交由沪台湾银行经销。其经销人为敌海军上海出勤少佐相内重太郎,并由该相内之翻译华人李纯根(现在沪开设中和煤炭公司于襄虹桥北堍苏州河边)委托其他投机分子(如徐文知子沈烈等)向吗啡厂及各吸户从事推销。

二、     伪各级主持毒化情形:敌伪主持毒化系由敌军政警各机关派员,监

督销售并掩护吸毒或受毒处所。由伪行政院内政部组设禁烟机构,于沦陷区各城市设立禁烟局。奖励烟民登记,配给烟土,收取登记执照费一百元至五百元不等。为优待吸毒烟民,饬令各地售吸所向当地军警机关举行登记后,凡在该所吸食鸦片者可不受任何机关之检查。

乙、伪维新政府时期

一、敌伪毒化机构组织及人事概况:民二十七年秋,在敌兴亚院及大使馆持下,产生一完全毒化机构,名为宏济善堂。专司推销毒品,以图吸收华中各地资金。该堂一切事务系由盛逆幼盦(即盛老三)所包办,并向沪台湾银行包销。于沪曹家渡康家桥等地分设土膏市场,及各沦陷城市设宏济善堂分堂,分别倾销。兹将该宏济善堂及各地分堂组织概况分别列表如左。


(一)宏济善堂组织人事概况表:

 

   

   

       

 

即李基夫

 

会计监督

中西正雄

 

 

   

以下各理事均受盛逆幼盦之这命行使毒化

   

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

即徐常川

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

(二)、宏济善堂各地分堂组织概况表

   

负责人

备考

 

蓝苞荪

 

 

朱振华

兼营白粉

 

郭伯良

 

 

蔡公侠

当地巨绅

 

徐成裕

已病故

二、毒品运销及来源:其毒品运销系由宏济善堂委托日人板本所开设之洋行(沪台湾银行楼上)运输部专责办理。由华北原产地采购运沪,交由兴亚院直接处理。初以飞机轮船运输,迨至太平洋战事发生时即由火车运输其售销量。

以上海一隅每月约达六万余两。

丙、伪南京政府时期

一、敌伪毒化机构组织及人事概况:由特业行商组织特业公会,由蓝苞荪、郑芳熙等任监察,罗洪义、张瑞堂、徐长春等任常务。其目的在排解同业间之纠纷,及营业上之阻碍,代向禁烟局谋合理解决问题如烟土之配给等。至其配给之方式,先由伪禁烟局附设之公栈配给于特业公会,再由该会配给所属各行商。兹将该各行商所在地及负责人姓名列表如次:

    

负责人姓名

    

    

协成行

罗洪义

 

    

鑫泰行

王永康

 

    

裕成行  裕丰行

张瑞堂

 

    

六德昌行

梁鸿志

 

    

锡昌行 

周志远

 

    

松泰行

罗洪义

    

同德行

徐长春

 

    

源昌行

张瑞堂

    

协记行

徐长春

    

瑞昌行  瑞丰行

李士群

 

二、毒品倾销及处理毒化情形:所有毒品系由特业公会所属之各行商倾销。每月以上海一隅约四万两,外埠各地约六万两。其处理毒化办法则设有伪禁烟总署,以监督各伪禁烟局对于烟土采办与配给事宜。又各该行商营业之执照,如非敌伪双方具有相当势行或特业方面具有大量本者,则极难领到。

丁、其他

一、     敌伪各级主持毒化罪行首犯如左:

区别

级职

    

备考

日人

敌海军支那方面舰队海军少将

白神君太郎

 

日人

敌海军支那方面舰队海军大将

前中富

 

日人

敌海军武官府上海复兴班长大佐

清水岩

 

日人

敌陆军特务机关长少将

楠本富隆

 

华人

伪内政部长少将

陈群

 

华人

宏济善堂负责人

盛幼盦

又名盛老三

二、     敌伪毒化机构特业公会之经费来源与开支情形:该会每月开支约需伪

币二千万元,概由所属各行商分别缴纳。即每季由行家各缴十五万元,商家各缴六万元,如遇不敷时,由配给各行商之烟土中每两征收三百元以弥补。

                     


浙江省会警察局训令

 

三法字第二○七四号         中华民国卅四年十一月廿九日

 

事由:为奉电饬调查敌人罪行一案抄发调查办法

及调查表等仰送照办理由

 

令各分局长监察处

案奉

浙江省政府本年戊马三四一四二诚代电开:

准中国陆军总司令部三十四年十一月总辉京字第○二五二号酉队辉超代电开、奉军事委员会(卅四)办秘二外六二七四三号训令开、准行政院本年九月十四日平捌字第二○○六八号公函称:查敌人罪行调查委员会业已本年五月底裁撤所遗业务,改由司法行政及外交两部分任,原有敌人罪行调查办法应予修正。前经本院饬由司法行政部遵照委员长蒋辰哿代电意旨,暨参酌实际情形,会商外交部修订呈核在案。兹据司法行政部呈拟敌人罪行调查办法修正草案到院,业经本院酌加修正。除通令遵办,并分行有关机关照办及分报国防最高委员会、国民政府备案暨指复遵办并饬加紧进行完成任务外。相应抄同该办法函请查照,转饬各战区司令长官部遵办,暨贵会所属其他军事机关知照等由。附敌人罪行调查办法一份,准此,除分会外合行抄发原附件令仰遵照,并转饬所属遵照等因。附抄敌人罪行调查办法一份,奉此。

复指本部第一军法监部案呈军事委员会军法总监部本年一月一日卅四督一渝字第一七三号代电:为准司法行政部函送敌人罪行调查表、结文甲、结文乙格式及具结须知、敌人罪行种类表,请查照转发经派军法官应用,并饬注意罪行人及所属部队长官姓名、职位暨罪行时期(用阳历年月日均须记明)、罪行地点(省县之小,地名均须记明)各项详细填载,随查随寄。寄由准此除分行外,合行饬发敌人罪行调查表、结文甲、结文乙、敌人罪行种类表、具结须知,电仰遵照办理等由。除分电外,特抄发敌人罪行调查办法、敌人罪行调查表、结文甲、结文乙、敌人罪行种类表、具结须知各一份,电希切实办理等由。并抄附敌人罪行调查办法、敌人罪行调查表、结文甲、结文乙、敌人罪行种类表、具结须知各一份准此,查是项敌人罪行调查办法暨敌人罪行调查表、敌人罪行种类表、结文甲、结文乙、具结须知前奉行政院令发到府,业经于卅三年十二月二十二日以云字第二八九○一号代电饬行遵照在案。兹准行前由除分电外,合行抄发原件电仰切实遵照办理等因,附抄发敌人罪行调查办法、敌人罪行调查表、敌人罪行调查种类表、结文甲、结文乙、具结须知,各一份,奉此,除分令外合行令仰饬属切实遵照办理报疾案转。

此令。

附抄发敌人罪行调查办法、敌人罪行调查表、敌人罪行种类表、结文甲、结文乙、具结须知各一份。

 

局长  陈纯白


敌人罪行调查办法(本院修正本)

第一条         关于敌人罪行之调查通用本办法之规定。

第二条         各省市(院辖市)地区敌人 罪行之调查以司法行政部为主持调查机关,并由行政院分别函令左列有关机关协助办理。(甲)各战区司令长官部函请军事委员会通令遵办。(乙)各级党部函请中央党部通令遵办。(丙)各县市政府会各省市政府通令遵办。

第三条         司法行政部应指定所属地方法院检察处、县司法处及兼理司法县政府为办理调查机关。

第四条         前条办理调查之机关应将关于调查敌人罪行之主旨及调查表等有关事项布告通知,除接受人民关于敌人罪行之申诉报告外,各该机关之检察官、审判官及承审员并应举行直接调查。

第五条         敌人罪行调查有需外侨作证之案件应由外交部搜集。

第六条         关于香港及南洋各地华侨所遭受之敌人罪行,由中央调查统计局及军事委员会调查统计局担任调查,并将调查表及证件迳送司法行政部审核。

第七条         高等法院检察处应即指派专员分途督饬所属调查敌人罪行,以期周密而获得有力证据。

第八条         调查人调查罪行时应详阅填表须知及调查表各附件并应特别注意调查表内之“罪行人”栏,罪行人及所属长官姓名务须详确填写。罪行人不明时,必须填明其所属长官。关于罪行人及所属长官均不明时,应就近请军事机关设法查明或将罪行人之日期、地点注明不得漏填。

第九条         调查人应请被害人、证人具结,结文应按照具结须知办理之。

第十条         调查人调查完竣时,应迅将调查表、结文等证件送由所属地方法院首席检察官、县司法处主任处审判官或兼理司法县政府承审员初步审核后转报司法行政部核定。

第十一条               凡知悉敌人罪行事实或知悉被害人或证人时,不论何人得迳行填

  表,或转请该被害人或证人填表,送请司法行政部核办。

第十二条               司法行政部对于调查敌行罪行案件经核定后应送外交部编辑转

送战罪审查委员会远东分会。

第十三条               本办法自公布日施行。


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